Although Problems is an accretion of multiple authorship over several centuries, it offers a fascinating technical view of Peripatetic method and thought. ARISTOTLE ON MELANCHOLY. Problemata xxx.i. Through what i is it that all those who have become eminent in philosophy or politics or poetry or the arts turn. The present volume contains a collection of papers on the reception of Aristotle’s Problemata, a multifaceted text asking various questions about medical.

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One ought not therefore to walk naked in the sun ; for the flesh thereby solidifies and acquires an absolutely fleshy 30 consistency, and the body becomes moister ; for the internal moisture remains, but the surface moisture is expelled, 1 sc. Wine, on the other hand, is very 35 heating ; so that it ought to have the opposite effect. Search Publications Pages Publications Pages. Just as, therefore, if one knows that a journey is a certain length, it must necessarily be finite, so, if one does not know, as though the proposition was convertible, 1 the mind draws a false conclusion, and the distance appears infinite.

For even when we change our place of dwelling we continue to breathe practically the same 8 air, but we drink different waters. Is it for the same reason as that for which the bald also are so accounted?

Conse- 35 quently the perspiration of adults is saltier and has a more unpleasant odour than that of children, because it is uncon cocted ; and if their natural condition is such that the residue 3 of their perspiration has an unpleasant odour, 1 Cp.

Is it because the ducts of the body are emptier in those who are fasting and full in those who are full? This when it is excreted below is 25 called urine, in the flesh it is sweat ; both of these are salty for the same reason.

It is only natural, therefore, that it should seem to us to turn into breath ; for the phenomenon occurs through the rush ot our movement.

It is salty because the sweetest and lightest part of the food is taken up by the body, while the unsuitable and unconcocted part is discharged. For the mind often controls the body as a whole, but does not control certain parts of it, when they have been set in motion in a certain way, the heart, for example, and the sexual organ.

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I b 7, c. Nor does it require melting, for it is dispersed about the body like blood. This is more the case on a convex than on a straight surface, and more on a straight than on a concave ; for our body assumes curved rather problematta straight lines, and in such circumstances concave surfaces give more points of contact than flat 35 surfaces.

Full text of “The works of Aristotle”

The doctrine throughout is Peripatetic, and the variety of subjects treated shows the wide interests of that school. Now trembling is due to lack of heat, not, however, of any kind of heat, but of natural heat. Now raising the foot is un natural and putting it down is natural, while putting the foot forward 1 is a mean between the two. Is it because death by drinking resembles death by hemlock, the natural heat being gradually extinguished?

Why is it that short walks are fatiguing? This was the opinion of all the ancients and for the above reason. The Effects of Touch.

Problems (Aristotle) – Wikipedia

Thus since the humours through- 10 out the body are expelled by these two methods and it becomes cool, the ill effects of drinking naturally vanish ; aristote wine is moist and hot. Is it because in each case the excess of heat or cold extends 10 over this period, and excess causes disease 4 and death in the weakly?

It is pleasant both of necessity and because it has a purpose 10 in view, of necessity, because the way to a natural result is pleasant, if it is realized by the senses ; and because of its purpose, namely, the procreation of animal life.

Now that which is seen differently at the same time appears to exist later in time ; for that which is seen is seen by contact with the vision, and it is impossible for several objects to be in contact with the same thing at the same time. Now incapacity may involve either complete destruction or else perversion ; the former, however, is impossible, for it would involve a man becoming a woman. Moreover, the mere passage of the semen through these parts, which is quite perceptible by these parts, is sufficient to make them lean ; for its proximity takes away something without adding anything to them.

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Introduction

On the other 1 i. Why is it that those who ride on horseback water more 13 freely at the eyes the quicker the horse goes? A drunken man then has sweet liquids in him for such seems to be the nature of wineand so is more 1 5 sensitive to bad liquids; but the sober man has harsh and salty liquids in him, and so, when his food becomes con cocted, the excretory humours come to the surface and these are unaffected by their like 2 and cause the man in whose body they are to be similarly unaffected.

The cold ness of one who is beginning to suffer from fever is due to a like cause. Furthermore it is compressed, and pressure causes the blood to disperse, and, when this happens, the part tends to become cool.

Aristotle’s Problemata in Different Times and Tongues. Next the patient ought to lie as still as possible, because fire also obviously dies down if one does not stir it.

Diluted wine on the other hand, being mixed with water, which is light, itself penetrates to the head and having body, as well as much of the power of unmixed wine, is much less easily 10 concocted; for moist things are most difficult of all to concoct, and actual substances are more difficult of concoc tion than mere effects. For it is there that the unconcocted moisture settles ; for the bladder is a receptacle for any moisture which is not concocted in the stomach ; and such moisture does not remain there, but passes away without undergoing or causing any change.